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Depth of anaesthesia

The Primary ( ) and Final () FRCA examinations require an extensive knowledge of the techniques available for monitoring the depth of anaesthesia. We have therefore written a new educational resource on this subject. The tutorials have been tailored to the FRCA syllabus and we have also added some past questions relevant to these topics.

Read other sections by using the navigation bar on the right side of every page. 

 Primary FRCA Syllabus

Anaesthesia and resuscitation

 Techniques of maintenance of anaesthesia...To prevent awareness


Q. Primary Viva Question

Describe the isolated forearm technique.


 Final FRCA Syllabus

Clinical measurement

 The Final examination assumes knowledge of the Primary FRCA examination syllabus, with the addition of more sophisticated measurements. There is an emphasis on clinical applications of clinical measurement…The electroencephalograph (EEG) and evoked potentials 

Q. Final Viva Question

Outline the diffrent methods available for monitoring depth of anaesthesia.

Articles on monitoring depth of anaesthesia

RCOA statement on loss of conscious monitoring
Awareness trials
Methods of monitoring depth of anaesthesia
Clinical signs
End-tidal agent monitoring
Isolated forearm technique
Lower oesophageal contractility
HRV, FEMG and entropy
Evoked potentials
Frequency domain analysis
Compressed spectral analysis
Bispectral index (BIS)
Educational resources


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