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You are in Home >> Resources >> Clinical anaesthesia >> Cardiac Output


Created: 14/8/2005
Updated: 31/7/2009
[i] Continuous measurement of cardiac output during aortic cross-clamping by the oesophageal Doppler monitor. Klotz KF, Klingsiek S, Singer M, Wenk H, Eleftheriadis S, Kuppe H, Schmucker P. Br J Anaesth. 1995 Jun;74(6):655-60.

[ii] Assessment of cardiovascular changes during laparoscopic hernia repair using oesophageal Doppler. Haxby EJ, Gray MR, Rodriguez C, Nott D, Springall M, Mythen M. Br J Anaesth. 1997 May;78(5):515-9.

[iii] Placement of the esophageal Doppler ultrasound monitor probe in awake patients. Atlas G, Mort T. Chest. 2001 Jan;119(1):319.

[iv] Noninvasive optimization of left ventricular filling using esophageal Doppler. Singer M, Bennett ED. Crit Care Med. 1991 Sep;19(9):1132-7.

[v] Noninvasive monitoring of cardiac output in critically ill patients using transesophageal Doppler. Valtier B, Cholley BP, Belot JP, de la Coussaye JE, Mateo J, Payen DM. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 1998 Jul;158(1):77-83.

[vi] Esophageal Doppler ultrasound monitor versus pulmonary artery catheter in the hemodynamic management of critically ill surgical patients. Madan AK, UyBarreta VV, Aliabadi-Wahle S, Jesperson R, Hartz RS, Flint LM, Steinberg SM. J Trauma. 1999 Apr;46(4):607-11; discussion 611-2.

[vii] The oesophageal Doppler monitor. Gan TJ, Arrowsmith JE. BMJ. 1997 Oct 11;315(7113):893-4.

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